Wrocławski Przegląd Teologiczny https://ojs.academicon.pl/index.php/wpt <p align="justify">Wrocławski Przegląd Teologiczny (Wrocław Theological Review) jest czasopismem wydawanym przez Papieski Wydział Teologiczny we Wrocławiu (Pontifical Faculty of Theology in Wrocław). Periodyk jest poświęcony studiom z zakresu: biblistyki, teologii systematycznej, teologii duchowości, teologii pastoralnej, historii Kościoła, filozofii, nauk społecznych.<br>W czasopiśmie prezentowane są jedynie artykuły spełniające kryterium wysokiego poziomu naukowego. Oprócz artykułów drukowane są również recenzje publikacji naukowych oraz sprawozdania, przewidziano również dział „Varia”, w którym można deponować manuskrypty z dziedzin pomocniczych służących pogłębieniu refleksji teologicznej.<br>Wrocławski Przegląd Teologiczny jest czasopismem znanym i cenionym w środowisku polskich teologów, o czym świadczy wysoka liczba cytowań. Publikowane na zasadach „open access” artykuły pozwalają zapoznać również zagraniczną publiczność z zakresem badań uprawianych w Polsce (ze szczególnym uwzględnieniem dolnośląskiej szkoły teologicznej). Redakcja zaprasza do współpracy także naukowców afiliowanych do zagranicznych jednostek naukowych. Wrocławskie czasopismo pretenduje do tego, by stać się miejscem dialogu&nbsp; środowisk teologicznych z szeroko pojętego Zachodu i Wschodu, swego rodzaju mostem łączącym dwa naukowe światy.</p> Papieski Wydział Teologiczny we Wrocławiu / Pontifical Faculty of Theology in Wrocław. pl-PL Wrocławski Przegląd Teologiczny 1231-1731 Looking Together in One Direction of One God https://ojs.academicon.pl/index.php/wpt/article/view/2028 Sławomir Stasiak ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2019-01-07 2019-01-07 26 1 5 8 Jews and Their Language in Wujek’s Bible 1599 https://ojs.academicon.pl/index.php/wpt/article/view/2023 <p>The author, on the basis of the study of the commentaries and prefaces to Wujek’s Bible of 1599, depicts the image of the Jews, their language and their customs as it was presented by Jakub Wujek and his contemporaneous fellow Jesuits. The author refers to the sources of the information contained in Wujek’s Bible, evaluates it in the context of the religious situation in the Renaissance Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth and attempts at establishing the realm and power of the influence it had on readers.</p> Rajmund Pietkiewicz ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2019-01-07 2019-01-07 26 1 9 18 Oh, Bestia Synagoga! The Representation of Jews in Czech Sermons at the Turn of the 17th and 18th Centuries https://ojs.academicon.pl/index.php/wpt/article/view/2026 <p>The main aim of this study is to present how early modern preaching in the Czech lands shaped the image of the local Jewish community in Christian eyes at the turn of the 17th and 18th centuries. Bohemian and Moravian preachers, drawing from medieval literature, were fundamentally influenced by the traditional theological concept of Jews as a living witness to the Christian truth. At the same time, Baroque sermons reused medieval exempla and miracula preserving typical anti-Jewish narratives. Due to the increasing number of Bohemian and Moravian Jewry at the end of 17th century, and the socio-economical tension between Christian and Jewish communities, catholic preachers pursued contemporary topics and criticized unpermitted contacts, allegedly leading to the inferior status of Christians. On the other hand, these critical notes usually were targeted primarily on Christian believers and their laxity in the observance of religious life, as well as ignorance of social hierarchy. Although the Czech Catholic sermons constructed the hostile perception of Jews, the preachers endeavoured to avoid vulgar anti-Judaism and partly smoothed popular anti-Jewish sentiments.</p> Daniel Soukup ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2019-01-07 2019-01-07 26 1 19 32 The Role of the Jew in Franciscus Mercurius van Helmont’s Adumbratio kabbalae christianae https://ojs.academicon.pl/index.php/wpt/article/view/2027 <p>While the use of the Jews as scapegoats is well documented, less noted is how they have provided a pretext for exploring and writing about heterodoxical ideas that otherwise might cause problems for the author. A case in point is the <em>Adumbratio kabbalae christianae</em>, by seventeenth-century esoteric thinker Franciscus Mercusius van Helmont. Although ostensibly designed to convert the Jews, a close examination reveals that the text was intended to inform like-minded Christians about an esoteric mode of thought that, at the time, was repudiated by Church authorities.</p> Sheila A. Spector ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2019-01-07 2019-01-07 26 1 33 40 Judaizing and Identity in the Earliest Transylvanian Sabbatarian Writings (1588?–1621) https://ojs.academicon.pl/index.php/wpt/article/view/2029 <p>The denominational and national identity of Transylvanian Sabbatarians (‘Judaizers’) has been constantly debated since the mid-19th century discovery of Sabbatarian literature. The question has always been haunted by mythologizing tendencies. The absence of something that was a given in the case of other denominations – that is, reflection on their native land and their nationality – was explained in terms of denominationally and nationally biased standpoints. Although most scholars had their own opinion about this question, no one has tried to perform a detailed inquiry into the problem, based on the texts themselves, and within a context of the Sabbatarians’ attitude to Jews. The present essay tries to address this problem. Utilizing a relevant set of keywords, I try to identify the signs of identity-creation in the earliest extant texts, and I also try to explore the Sabbatarian perception of Jews. My investigation reinforces the hypothesis that the absence of a patriotic voice is rooted in the theological advance towards Jews. Although the perception of the Jews is not entirely positive in Sabbatarian texts, their role is unique, making them essential for salvation. This indicates the later direction of the formation of Sabbatarian national and denominational identity, which is a gradual movement towards Jewishness, leading to ‘assimilation’ later.</p> Réka Újlaki-Nagy ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2019-01-07 2019-01-07 26 1 41 60 Jewish Anti-Christian Polemical Treatises in Early Modern Central and Eastern Europe https://ojs.academicon.pl/index.php/wpt/article/view/2025 <p>Jewish anti-Christian polemical treatises comprise a well-known genre in medieval Jewish literature. It is generally thought that these books were written in response to Christian missionary pressure. Yet, when considering Central and Eastern Europe in the early modern period, one sees that this genre is almost nonexistent, despite continuing Christian attempts at converting Jews. An analysis of medieval Jewish anti-Christian writings shows that rather than being necessarily a response to Christian missionary pressure, many of them are part of the larger Jewish theological enterprise. Hence, such works are prevalent in areas where Jews engaged in theology – the Islamic world, Iberia, Provence, and Italy – and almost nonexistent in northern Europe (Ashkenaz), where there was little interest in theology. This pattern continued into the early modern period, at which time Ashkenazic Jews still produced almost no anti-Christian polemical works. The most important early modern, Central and Eastern European anti-Christian book, the very popular Faith Strengthened, was written by a Lithuanian Karaite Isaac of Troki (died 1594), reinforcing our knowledge that Central and Eastern European Karaite Jews did not share the Ashkenazi intellectual ethos of their Rabbanite neighbors.</p> Daniel J. Lasker ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2019-01-07 2019-01-07 26 1 61 72 The Russian Jewish Question, Asked and Answered https://ojs.academicon.pl/index.php/wpt/article/view/2030 <p>In the first half of the nineteenth century, Russian authorities had very limited knowledge of their Jewish subjects. The government relied more on its enlightened perceptions of the Jews and Judaism than on empirical observation. This situation changed radically in the 1860s, when at the onset of the Great Reforms era the government sought full and veritable information about all imperial subjects, including Jews, to facilitate the efficient policymaking by framing and answering Russian Jewish question. As a result, Russian language studies – written by Jews, Russian Christians, and Jewish converts to Christianity – on Judaism, Jewish history, society and culture started to appear. The article focuses on two such studies: Moisei Berlin’s “Essay on the ethnography of the Jewish population in Russia” (1861) and Yakov Brafman’s “Book of Kahal” (1869). Virtual polemics between Berlin and Brafman highlights fundamental differences between Russian studies of Judaism and Jewish life and classical Western European Christian Hebraism, namely, Russian scholars’ general lack of interest to the Talmud and to its alleged anti-Christian thrust, and almost exclusive focus on Jewish communal, social, and political institutes – <em>kahal</em>, <em>chavurot </em>(voluntary societies), <em>beit din </em>(rabbinical court) and others – and on their alleged anti-government nature.</p> Vassili Schedrin ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2019-01-08 2019-01-08 26 1 73 84 The Translation of the New Testament into Hebrew in the Eyes of Franz Delitzsch https://ojs.academicon.pl/index.php/wpt/article/view/2031 <p>In this article, I examine the way in which Franz Delitzsch envisioned his masterpiece translation of the New Testament into Hebrew, first published in 1877. I focus on the aims Delitzsch attributed to his translation and on the way in which the translation project was embedded in the wider views held by Delitzsch as a Hebraist and a theologian. Furthermore, I show how Delitzsch’s conception of his endeavor structured the translation work itself.</p> Eran Shuali ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2019-01-08 2019-01-08 26 1 85 96 Third International Conference on Christian Hebraism in Eastern and Central Europe https://ojs.academicon.pl/index.php/wpt/article/view/2032 Anna Kryza ##submission.copyrightStatement## http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2019-01-08 2019-01-08 26 1 97 100