Judaizing and Identity in the Earliest Transylvanian Sabbatarian Writings (1588?–1621)



Abstrakt

The denominational and national identity of Transylvanian Sabbatarians (‘Judaizers’) has been constantly debated since the mid-19th century discovery of Sabbatarian literature. The question has always been haunted by mythologizing tendencies. The absence of something that was a given in the case of other denominations – that is, reflection on their native land and their nationality – was explained in terms of denominationally and nationally biased standpoints. Although most scholars had their own opinion about this question, no one has tried to perform a detailed inquiry into the problem, based on the texts themselves, and within a context of the Sabbatarians’ attitude to Jews. The present essay tries to address this problem. Utilizing a relevant set of keywords, I try to identify the signs of identity-creation in the earliest extant texts, and I also try to explore the Sabbatarian perception of Jews. My investigation reinforces the hypothesis that the absence of a patriotic voice is rooted in the theological advance towards Jews. Although the perception of the Jews is not entirely positive in Sabbatarian texts, their role is unique, making them essential for salvation. This indicates the later direction of the formation of Sabbatarian national and denominational identity, which is a gradual movement towards Jewishness, leading to ‘assimilation’ later.


Słowa kluczowe

Judaizing; Communal Identity; Religious Identity; Sabbatarian; Pagan

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Opublikowane
2019-01-07


Dział
Images of the Jews

Udostępnij

Újlaki-Nagy, R. (2019). Judaizing and Identity in the Earliest Transylvanian Sabbatarian Writings (1588?–1621). Wrocławski Przegląd Teologiczny, 26(1), 41-60. Pobrano z https://ojs.academicon.pl/index.php/wpt/article/view/2029

Réka Újlaki-Nagy  nagy.reka@btk.mta.hu
The Research Centre for the Humanities, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest, Hungary  Węgry

Réka Tímea Újlaki-Nagy – has been dedicated to the research of the phenomenon called Transylvanian Sabbatarianism since her Bachelor studies on the Babeş-Bolyai University, Cluj-Napoca. Her ongoing PhD work, conducted on the University of Szeged and on the University of Erfurt focuses specifically on the emergence and the first period of Sabbatarianism. Currently she is assistant research fellow on the Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Research Centre for the Humanities, Institute of History. Here she is involved in an interdisciplinary project dealing with Christian-Muslim-Jewish interactions in the 16–17th century Ottoman Hungary and Transylvania. Within the framework of this project her objective is the edition of a Sabbatarian Talmud –translation and commentary (1630–1640). Besides this she is working on a publication of the existing 18–20th century sources concerning Transylvanian Sabbatarianism and on a documentary about the history and the tragic fate of the mentioned movement.




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