The research approach to the issue of legal socialization changes along with the development of science and the evolution of legal theory. The paper reviews and systematizes the most important approaches and perspectives of research on legal socialization over time, from the first indepth studies up to 2020. It shows the research expansion of the last decade on a global scale, as well as its deficiency in Poland. By analyzing the factors of legal socialization, it is possible to reach a full understanding of the process, and to draw conclusions as to the future directions of research. Undoubtedly, there is a new perspective of research that takes into account the achievements of cognitive sciences, especially neuroscience.