By virtue of Article 60 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, out of respect for public interest a prosecutor is obliged to interfere in private accusation prosecution in a criminal case. Such an interference results in an institution of ex officio proceedings. Public interest also obliges a military prosecutor to institute ex officio prosecution in a private accusation in cases subject to the jurisdiction of military courts (Art. 661 para. 2 of CCP). Moreover, public interest obliges a family judge to institute a preliminary investigation concerning a act subject to a private accusation in cases involving minors (Art. 22 para. 2 of Act on Procedure in Juvenile Cases). However, in the indicated situations, the notion of public interest must not be interpreted in the same way.