Respect for the good of the patient especially the child. and acting in his best interest was always a fundamental principle in medicine. This fundamental ethical norm in medical practice is expressed in the Latin saying salus aegroti suprema lex esto, meaning the good of the patient shall be the most important law. The good of the patient may include physical, psychological as well as spiritual wellbeing. The human person is a whole, body and soul, so medical practice must focus on the good of the whole person and not just on body parts or diseases. Nowadays we have to remember that medicine based not on the conscience but on the law, may seamlessly become an element of the totalitarian system.